We treat a variety of conditions which may result in fatality if neglected for a long period:

Asthma:

It is a common long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs with multiple cause. It is characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, reversible airflow obstruction, and bronchospasm. Symptoms include episodes of wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. There are multiple agents available which may lead to asthma. This may be occupational or environmental origin.

COPD :

is an umbrella term used to describe progressive lung diseases including emphysema, chronic bronchitis, refractory (non-reversible) asthma, and some forms of bronchiectasis. This disease is characterized by increasing breathlessness. It is established the cause is due smoking and occupational.

Lung Cancer:

Is the biggest cancer killer in the Europe contributes to 20% of all cancer death. Men are more frequently affected than women worldwide.  Smoking is still contribute major cause to lung cancer in Men and women. Following are a few examples for the  risk factors for  Lung cancer: Smoking, Radon, Beryllium, Chromium, Diesel exhaust, Asbestos, Arsenic, Coal smoke, indoor emissions from other fuels, Air pollution, Pulmonary fibrosis, Lymphoma or breast cancer treated with thoracic radiotherapy, Family history of lung cancer, Genetic susceptibility COPD etc

  • Bronchiectasis:
  • Patchy dilation of airway due to scaring of lung tissue.
  • Mucosal thickening, mucus plugging and lung hyper inflation lead to irregular broncho dilatation of medium sized airway with narrowed smaller airway due to inflammation and scarring
  • Dysfunction mucociliary system affecting mucus clearance
  • Reduced immunity.
  • Chronic chest infection
  • Slow decline to respiratory function
  • Bronchiectasis occurs in cystic fibrosis (CF), primary ciliary dyskinesia and primary immunodeficiencies and is also associated with systemic diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease and rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Occupational Lung Disease:
  • Acute inhalation caused due
    • To inhalation of fumes from mixer of Bleach and acid or Bleach with ammonia found in domestic cleaning ingredients.
    • Exposure to high levels of metal fumes leads to metal fume fever and
    • Exposed to organic dusts contaminated with microorganisms and endotoxins organic lead to dust toxic syndrome
    • Inhalation of toxic gases from fire due to road traffic accident, bomb blast ,outburst of industrial fire etc may lead to Toxic tracheo bonchitis, Pneumonities theses may lead to (reactive airways dysfunction syndrome (RADS)
  • Infectious disease like
    • Bacteria: Tuberculosis (TB), Zoonoses (infectious diseases transmitted from animals), pneumonia caused by Chlamydia psittaci (ornithosis), Coxiella burnetii (Q-fever), Legionella pneumonia such as those associated with cooling towers, fountains and whirlpools, or cruise ships, maintenance or other attending personnel are at risk of contracting the infection )
    • Fungi: Aspergillus found in lungs of immune suppressant patient or transplant patient (Environmental cause yet to be determined)

 

  • Interstitial Lung Disease :
    • the pneumoconioses caused by crystalline silica (silicosis), asbestos (asbestosis) and coal dust (coal worker’s pneumoconiosis).
    • extrinsic allergic alveolitis (hypersensitivity pneumonitis) caused due to (farmer’s lung, humidifier lung), from birds (pigeon breeder’s lung, bird fancier’s lung). However potential EAA possible in most bio aerosol inhalation.
    • chronic beryllium diseas (berylliosis)
    • hard metal/cobalt-related lung disease
    • pneumoconioses caused due to silicates (such as talc, kaolin or mica)
    • Hard metal Lung Disease like cobalt seen in Diamond polishing industry
    • sarcoidosis
    • idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

Other occupational ILDs

  • Ardystil syndrome,caused by aerosolised paints seen in 1990
  • nylon microfibres in nylon flock workers had caused serious respiratory conditions in the past